Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra (Catalan: Principat d'Andorra), also called the Principality of the Valleys of Andorra (Catalan: Principat de les Valls d'Andorra), is a sovereign landlocked microstate on the Iberian Peninsula, in the eastern Pyrenees, bordered by France to the north and Spain to the south.

Flag of Andorra

Believed to have been created by Charlemagne, Andorra was ruled by the Count of Urgell until 988, when it was transferred to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Urgell, and the present principality was formed by a charter in 1278.

Quick facts

Population: 77,281 (2016 estimate)

Area: 467.63  km2

Capital: Andorra la Vella

Internet TLD (top level domain): .ad

Currency: Euro (€) (EUR)

 It is known as a principality as it is a diarchy headed by two Co-Princes: the Catholic Bishop of Urgell in Catalonia, Spain, and the President of France.

Andorra is the sixth-smallest nation in Europe, having an area of 468 square kilometres  and a population of approximately 77,281. 

 The Andorran people are a Romance ethnic group of originally Catalan descent. Andorra is the 16th-smallest country in the world by land and the 11th-smallest by population. 

Its capital, Andorra la Vella, is the highest capital city in Europe, at an elevation of 1,023 metres above sea level.  The official language is Catalan; Spanish, Portuguese, and French are also commonly spoken. 

Tourism in Andorra sees an estimated 10.2 million visitors annually.  It is not a member of the European Union, but the euro is its official currency. It has been a member of the United Nations since 1993.  In 2013, Andorra had the highest life expectancy in the world at 81 years, according to the Global Burden of Disease Study.

Source adapted from: Wikipedia contributors. (2019, January 31). Andorra. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 08:58, February 1, 2019, from