Apples

Apples are the pomaceous (a botanical term from the Latin word for fruit: pōmum a type of fruit produced by flowering plants in the subtribe Malinae of the family Rosaceae also includes pears) fruits of  apple trees, Malus domestica of the rose family (Rosaceae).

Red_Apple

A Gala apple.  image: wikipedia

 They  are one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits, and the most widely known of the many members of genus Malus that are used by humans. Apples grow on deciduous trees which are large if grown from seed, but small if grafted onto roots (rootstock). 

Malus_domestica_-_Köhler–s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-108

Malus domestica - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-108. image: wikipedia

The tree originated in Central Asia, where its wild ancestor, Malus sieversii, is still found today. Apples have been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe, and were brought to North America by European colonists. 

Apples have been present in the mythology and religions of many cultures, including Norse, Greek and Christian traditions. In 2010, the fruit's genome was decoded as part of research on disease control and selective breeding in apple production.

The extent of apples

There are more than 7,500 known cultivars of apples, resulting in a range of desired characteristics. Different cultivars are bred for various tastes and uses, including cooking, fresh eating and cider production. Domestic apples are generally propagated by grafting, although wild apples grow readily from seed. Trees are prone to a number of fungal, bacterial and pest problems, which can be controlled by a number of organic and non-organic means.

Malus-Cripps-Pink

Pink lady variety of Apples - Malus-Cripps-Pink . image: wikipedia


Apple production

About 69 million tons of apples were grown worldwide in 2010, and China produced almost half of this total. The United States is the second-leading producer, with more than 6% of world production. Turkey is third, followed by Italy, India and Poland. 

How they are eaten or consumed

Apples are often eaten raw, but can also be found in many prepared foods (especially desserts) and drinks. Many beneficial health effects are thought to result from eating apples; however, two forms of allergies are seen to various proteins found in the fruit.


sourcehttp://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Apple&oldid=615992088