Austria, German: Österreich, officially the Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich, is a country of nearly 9 million people in Central Europe. 

Quick facts

Population: 8,857,960 (2018 estimate)

Area: 83,879 km2

Capital: Vienna

Internet TLD (top level domain): .at 

Currency: Euro (€) (EUR)

It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. 

The territory of Austria covers 83,879 km2 . The terrain is highly mountainous, lying within the Alps; only 32% of the country is below 500 m, and its highest point is 3,798 m. 

Flag of Austria

The majority of the population speaks local Bavarian dialects as their native language, and German in its standard form is the country's official language. Other local official languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene.

Austria is a federal republic with a parliamentary representative democracy comprising nine federated states.

The capital and largest city, Vienna, has a population exceeding 1.8 million.Other major urban areas of Austria include Graz, Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck. Austria is consistently ranked as one of the richest countries in the world by per capita GDP terms. 

The country has developed a high standard of living and in 2018 was ranked 20th in the world for its Human Development Index. 

The republic declared its perpetual neutrality in foreign political affairs in 1955. Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955, joined the European Union in 1995, and is a founder of the OECD.  Austria also signed the Schengen Agreement in 1995, and adopted the euro currency in 1999.

History of Austria

The Central European land that is now Austria was settled in pre-Roman times by various Celtic tribes. The Celtic kingdom of Noricum was later claimed by the Roman Empire and …

Source adapted from: Wikipedia contributors. (2019, February 1). Austria. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 09:29, February 7, 2019, from