Atomic number: 23

Symbol: V

Category: transition metal

Density at 25°C: solid  6.0 g·cm−3

Vanadium is a slightly awkward element on it's own. Preferring to be in an ionic form mostly, never found in nature by itself. But that doesn't stop it from being extracted. It was that process of discovery and that it comes in a range of different colours and when isolated ended up with the name Vanadium meaning the German goddess of beauty. 

The ion is found in some living creatures are part of an enzyme.

Vanadium crystal bar. image: adapted from wikipedia

Use, natural applications or common combinations: 

  • In some enzymes in algae
  • Steel additive, bicycle axles

Basic characteristics:

  • Standard atomic weight: 50.9415(1)
  • Melting point: 1910 °C
  • Boiling point: 3407 °C
  • Radioactivity:  99.75% isotopes are stable