December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars. It is one of seven months with the length of 31 days.

December is the first month of meteorological winter in the Northern Hemisphere. In the Southern Hemisphere, December is the seasonal equivalent to June in the Northern hemisphere, which is the first month of summer. December is the month with the shortest daylight hours of the year in the Northern Hemisphere and the longest daylight hours of the year in the Southern Hemisphere.

December, in the Western world, is most noted for Christmas celebrations around the 24th, 25th. 


Christmas advent candle decoration. image: R.Conan-Davies

Origin and history of the month

December gets its name from the Latin word decem (meaning ten) because it was originally the tenth month of the year in the Roman calendar, which began in March. 

The winter days following December were not included as part of any month. Later, the months of January and February were created out of the monthless period and added to the beginning of the calendar, but December retained its name.

Cultural symbols

  • Birth flower is the narcissus.
  • December's birthstones are the turquoise, zircon, and tanzanite.


Untreated turquoise, Nevada USA. image: Chris Ralph/wikipedia

December Events

  • Day of Restoration of Independence of Portugal (December 1)
  • Union Day of Romania (December 1)
  • World AIDS Day (December 1)
  • International Day of People with Disability[2] (December 3)
  • National Day of United Arab Emirates (December 2)
  • Navy Day of India (December 4)
  • Sinterklaas in the Netherlands (December 5)


December. (2014, November 27). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 10:02, November 30, 2014, from