How floods occur

Floods are caused by excess water filling areas from a few main sources:

  • Rain fall (from Monsoon weather, cyclones or hurricanes)
  • Rivers rising
  • Ice or snow melting
  • Tides due to the moon ( though these tend to be predicatable)
  • Tsunamis


Excess water that is not absorbed by the ground can accumulate in areas causing a flood

How do floods cause damage?

There are two main types of damage caused by floods:

Plain water damage.

This damage basically soaks everything, sometimes it can dissolve foundations and make the ground unstable and muddy.

Rushing water damage.

This is damage due to the water crashing into buildings, cars and other things, this is flood water that often kills people and animals.