Medicine (also called conventional, orthodox, scientific, or mainstream medicine, especially in connection with alternative medicine, is the field of applied science related to the art of healing by diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. It encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness in human beings.

A silhouette of a human body showing various internal systems. image: wikimedia

Contemporary medicine applies biomedical sciences, biomedical research, genetics and medical technology to diagnose, treat, and prevent injury and disease, typically through medication or surgery, but also through therapies as diverse as psychotherapy, external splints & traction, prostheses, biologics, pharmaceuticals, ionising radiation among others.

The word medicine is derived from the Latin ars medicina, meaning the art of healing.



Medicine is an applied biological science for the treatment and diagnosis and prevention of diseases in human beings. It's primary role is maintaining the good health of humans. 

Medicine typically uses a range of medical technologies to determine the health status of an individual (or a population) in addition to methods for preventing or in some cases reverse various types of diseases.

Medicine is usually classified according to the bodily system or health area, or disease it is concerned with.