New Caledonia

Quick facts

Population: 278,500

Area: 18,275 km2

Capital: Nouméa

Internet TLD (top level domain): .nc

Currency: CFP franc

New Caledonia ,  French: Nouvelle-Calédonie) is a special collectivity of France in the southwest Pacific Ocean, located to the south of Vanuatu, about 1,210 km  east of Australia and 20,000 km from Metropolitan France.

Flag of France and New Caledonia

The archipelago, part of the Melanesia subregion, includes the main island of Grande Terre, the Loyalty Islands, the Chesterfield Islands, the Belep archipelago, the Isle of Pines, and a few remote islets.

The Chesterfield Islands are in the Coral Sea. Locals refer to Grande Terre as Le Caillou ("the pebble").

New Caledonia has a land area of 18,576 km2. Its population of 268,767 (August 2014 census)[6] consists of a mix of Kanak people (the original inhabitants of New Caledonia), people of European descent (Caldoches and Metropolitan French), Polynesian people (mostly Wallisians), and Southeast Asian people, as well as a few people of Pied-Noir and North African descent. The capital of the territory is Nouméa.

source adapted from: Wikipedia contributors. (2019, January 21). New Caledonia. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 04:42, January 25, 2019, from