Social sciences

Social sciences are academic disciplines concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society. It includes anthropology, economics, political science, psychology and sociology. 

In a wider sense, it may often include some fields in the humanities such as archaeology, history, law, and linguistics. The term may however be used in the specific context of referring to the original science of society, established in 19th century, sociology (Latin: socius, "companion"; Greek λόγος, lógos, "word", "knowledge", "study."). Émile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber are typically cited as the principal architects of modern social science by this definition.


Positivist vs Interpretivists

Positivist social scientists use methods resembling those of the natural sciences as tools ( such as mathematics) for understanding society, and so define science in its stricter modern sense. 

Interpretivist social scientists, by contrast, may use social critique or symbolic interpretation rather than constructing empirically falsifiable theories, and thus treat science in its broader sense. 

In modern academic practice, researchers are often eclectic, using multiple methodologies (for instance, by combining the quantitative and qualitative techniques).

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