Classification of spiders

Spiders are classified often on the basis of their hunting lifestyles. For example:

  • Hunters - These spiders lie in wait often either hiding near prey or use camouflage 
  • Burrowers - These make burrows and come out of them to catch prey
  • Weavers - these build elaborate webs to catch flying insects.

Source: Questacon/ Australian museum exhibition Spiders 2015

Spiders are also classified on their appearance and genetic make up. This is commonly referred to as spider taxonomy.

  • Order Araneae 

    • Suborder Mesothelae - The only living members of the primitive Mesothelae are the family Liphistiidae, found only in Southeast Asia, China, and Japan

    • Suborder Opisthothelae

      • Mygalomorphae -  The Mygalomorphae, which first appeared in the Triassic period, are generally heavily built and hairy, with large, robust chelicerae and fangs. Well-known examples include tarantulas, trapdoor spiders and the Australasian funnel-web spiders.

      • Araneomorphae -  Accounting for over 90% of spider species, the Araneomorphae, also known as the "true spiders", include orb-web spiders, the cursorial wolf spiders, and jumping spiders, as well as the only known herbivorous spider, Bagheera kipping.

source: Spider. (2015, November 27). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 07:47, December 19, 2015, from