Websites

A website is a view of information gathered through the internet and data requested by a user and then sent to their screen though a piece of software called a web browser


A screen capture of ebay.com.au

How it works

Usually a person uses a computer to access the internet. They open up a browser application/software. They type in a web address in the form of someplace.com or somewhere.org etc aka a domain. 

When they press return on the keyboard, this sends a message to a special computer on a server, called a DNS (domain name server) to look up the IP address number of that computer location. 

Once that it knows the address data from that domain is sent back to the users computer. The data is sent via packets of data through various other computers, sometimes called hops. There are typically around 8-15 hops.

The data sent to your web browser program from the originating server (eg somewhere.com) comes in the form of special text called HTML or hyper text mark up language, there are others things too like Javascripts too. 

This text is interpreted by the web browser to call up different parts of the layout of the website and request different elements like images. When you click on a hyperlink ( usually underlined text like this)

Fundamentally a website is a form of publishing or electronic writing a type of telegraphic publishing.